Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean: 400 Bce-250 Ce:400 BCE-250 CE
Hellenism and the Local Communities of the Eastern Mediterranean:400 BCE-250 CE
Our image of the Roman world is shaped by the writings of Roman statesmen and upper class intellectuals. Yet most of the material evidence we have from Roman times - art, architecture, and household artifacts from Pompeii and elsewhere - belonged to, and was made for, artisans, merchants, and professionals. Roman culture as we have seen it with our own eyes, Emanuel Mayer boldly argues, turns out to be distinctly middle class and requires a radically new framework of analysis. Starting in the first century bce, ancient communities, largely shaped by farmers living within city walls, were transformed into vibrant urban centers where wealth could be quickly acquired through commercial success. From 100 bce to 250 ce, the archaeological record details the growth of a cosmopolitan empire and a prosperous new class rising along with it. Not as keen as statesmen and intellectuals to show off their status and refinement, members of this new middle class found novel ways to create pleasure and meaning. In the decor of their houses and tombs, Mayer finds evidence that middle-class Romans took pride in their work and commemorated familial love and affection in ways that departed from the tastes and practices of social elites.
Politics is one of the first books ever to investigate the concept of political philosophy. Written by the famous Greek thinker Aristotle in the fourth century BCE, it focuses on trying to understand how best to create political communities that support, serve, and improve their citizens. Aristotle investigates a number of different areas before drawing conclusions. These include an examination of existing regimes to see which are best, a look at political theories, and even an exploration of the systems of education. He comes to the conclusion that people form political groups because they want to be better human beings. The state should therefore support them in their quest by establishing a good constitution and making laws prudently. Politics was the starting point for political science studies as we know them. Not only are outcomes observed, but also the reasons behind those outcomes are examined. Aristotle´s book continues to be useful to political theorists over 2,000 years after it was written. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Macat.com. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/060552/bk_acx0_060552_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The Sixth International Conference on the Fayum, which took place in October 2016 at Montpellier, reunited Egyptologists, archaeologists, papyrologists and Coptologists whose research concerns divers aspects of life in the Fayum oasis in Antiquity. The volume contains 13 articles in English, French and German on the colonization, administration, judiciary, business life, scribal education, religion and religious communities, specificities of the regional onomastic, distinctive dialectal features etc. The time frame covers nearly 3000 years, from the the Middle Kingdom to the Coptic/Early Arab period (2nd mil. BCE to 9th c. CE), with a focus on the region´s florescence during the Graeco-Roman Period (332 BCE-4th c. CE).