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Thrace: The History of the Ancient World's Link...
9,95 € *
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By the seventh century BCE, Thrace was experiencing the migration of Cimmerians and Scythians. The result was that the northern Black Sea Scythians developed first on the territory of Byzantium, and trade and industrial colonization stretched from the Golden Horn to the Sea of Azov and the lower Don region. In addition, the Sarmatians and Getae on the lower Don were also involved in a profitable trade with this area. The continuing economic and political ties with the Don region and the Getae, with trade contacts reaching the Middle Don and the Southwestern Urals, even linked Byzantium with Russia prior to Constantine. From 580 to 300 BCE, Ionian colonization of the Bosporus gave rise to a number of systems that created powerful regimes to protect their strategic assets. Spartan colonists against the Scythian state from the Dniper to the Dardanelles also created a violent combination that almost constantly placed the region in chaos. At the same time, the region helped transmit Greek culture to Central Asia and southern Russia. During the last three centuries BCE, the region focused on trade with the new masters of the steppes, the Sarmatians, living in Asiatic Scythia on its border with the European Don area. The trade network near the Don region in the beginning of the third century BCE was marked by the city of Tanais. It was not until the first century BCE that the region was firmly part of the Roman Empire, and the Romans' influence also ultimately led to the spread of Judaism and Christianity. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Mark Norman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/078318/bk_acx0_078318_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.

Anbieter: Audible
Stand: 21.02.2020
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Mysterious Polynesia: The Myths, Legends, and M...
9,95 € *
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Taking into account similarities of appearance, customs and languages spread across a vast region of scattered islands, it was obvious that the Polynesian race emerged from a single origin, and that origin Cook speculated was somewhere in the Malay Peninsula or the “East Indies.” In this regard, he was not too far from the truth. The origins of the Polynesian race have been fiercely debated since then, and it was only relatively recently, through genetic and linguistic research, that it can now be stated with certainty that the Polynesian race originated on the Chinese mainland and the islands of Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia. Oceania was, indeed, the last major region of the Earth to be penetrated and settled by people, and Polynesia was the last region of Oceania to be inhabited. The vehicle of this expansion was the outrigger canoe, and aided by tides and wind patterns, a migration along the Malay Archipelago, and across the wide expanses of the South Pacific, began sometime between 3000 and 1000 BCE, reaching the western Polynesian Islands in about 900 BCE. The name Polynesia derives from the ancient Greek meaning “many islands.” The word was first used to describe the entirety of the South Sea Islands by the 18th century French writer and traveler Charles de Brosses, but technically, Polynesia refers specifically to an area described by a vast triangle that stretches across the southern Pacific, with Hawaii, Easter Island and New Zealand serving as the points. Close to the center of this triangle lies Tahiti, with the west limit defined by Samoa and Tonga, with a slight irregularity in the western edge of the triangle that serves to exclude Fiji, the Solomon Islands, the New Hebrides, and a handful of Melanesian and Micronesian islands. The Melanesian demographic tends to differ quite dramatically from the Polynesian in both appearance and culture, the former tending to be of darker complexion, while the latter is more chara 1. Language: English. Narrator: Gregory T. Luzitano. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/172571/bk_acx0_172571_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.

Anbieter: Audible
Stand: 21.02.2020
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Migration and Colonialism in Late Second Millen...
40,99 € *
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Migration and Colonialism in Late Second Millennium BCE Levant and Its Environs ab 40.99 EURO The Making of a New World

Anbieter: ebook.de
Stand: 21.02.2020
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"Sea Peoples" Up-to-Date
149,00 € *
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Der vorliegende Band präsentiert die Ergebnisse des Workshops der Europäischen Wissenschaftsstiftung “Sea Peoples” Up-to-Date. New Research on Transformations in the Eastern Mediterranean in the 13th–11th Centuries BCE, der im November 2014 an der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien stattfand. Der Band enthält aktuelle Forschungen zum Seevölkerphänomen während der sogenannten Krisenjahre am Ende der Spätbronzezeit. Diese Periode, die um 1200 v. u. Z. beginnt und einen großen Teil des 12. Jahrhunderts miteinschließt, ist durch tiefgreifende Veränderungen in der politischen und kulturellen Landschaft des Ostmittelmeerraums gekennzeichnet. Diese Veränderungen lassen sich in einem geographisch weiten Gebiet nachverfolgen, das sich von der Apennin-Halbinsel über den Balkan, die Ägäis, Anatolien und Zypern bis in die Levante und nach Ägypten erstreckt. Der Begriff „Seevölkerphänomen“ sollte hierbei als allgemeine Bezeichnung betrachtet werden, die die Auswirkungen dieser turbulenten Periode umschreibt: Diese sind sowohl in den materiellen Hinterlassenschaften fassbar als auch in Textquellen beschrieben, die sich auf kriegerische Konflikte verschiedener ethnischer Gruppen im Ostmittelmeerraum beziehen. Die Folge war das Ende der Spätbronzezeit, der ersten „internationalen“ Periode der Geschichte. Die Beiträge werden in fünf Sektionen präsentiert: „Overviews: From Italy to the Levant“, „Climate and Radiocarbon“, „Theoretical Approaches on Destruction, Migration and Transformation of Cultures“, „Case Studies: Cyprus, Cilicia and the Northern and Southern Levant“, „Material Studies“. Der Leser des Bandes gewinnt Einblicke in die komplexen Veränderungen während dieser Zeit, und es wird anschaulich, dass diese Änderungen eine Vielzahl von Faktoren beinhalten und sich über Jahrzehnte manifestieren. Eine einzige Migrationswelle, eine einmalige Militärkampagne oder andere vereinfachte Erklärungen müssen daher verworfen werden. Der Untergang der spätbronzezeitlichen Gesellschaft und die darauffolgenden transformativen Prozesse fanden in einem geographisch weiten Gebiet statt und spiegeln sich daher je nach Region auf verschiedene Art und Weise wider.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 21.02.2020
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The Rig-Vedic and Post-Rig-Vedic Polity (1500 B...
96,90 CHF *
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The book critically examines and assesses the literary evidence available through Vedic and allied literature portraying the nature of Vedic polity, the functionalities of its various institutions, and the various social and religious practices. The book is not a narrative but critically examines the nature of changes in a host of these areas that occurred at each stage of Vedic polity from early Vedic period to post R¿ig-Vedic period. It outlines in historical perspective the various stages involved in the development of Vedic polity and Vedic canon and how the two processes have gone along together. It contains extensive discussions on political system and institutions, religious and social practices as they obtained during the Rig-Vedic and post Rig-Vedic periods. It provides a fresh approach to the cult of sacrifice and fire rituals practiced by Vedic Aryans along with an in-depth analysis of the Vedic view of Nationalism, Sovereignty and State as discernible from Vedic texts .The book also features an extensive discussion on the institution of kingship, administrative machinery, role of various entities in the polity including the Purohita, the Sabha and the Samiti, position of women, Varna system and features of tribal kingdoms, such as the Kuru-Panchalas and Kosala-Videhas. Isolating political and social aspects from the essentially religious character of Vedic literature, an attempt has been made to show with due corroboration that the tribal polity was not deficient in political content contrary to the stance of some scholars to depict Vedic Aryans as apolitical and inward looking. The present book partakes both the current and previous scholarship on the subject but breaks a new path with its exclusive focus on the Rig-Vedic and Post Rig-Vedic polity, together with a balanced and objective assessment of their features. It brings all the relevant and connected issues on to one platform, and deals with them in a holistic manner. Its unique features include: . The 'Vedic Grid': a graphical representation and tabulations of the characteristics of each of the about 50 Vedic tribes, including information on the location of their habitat, their time line, the names of their chieftains and their linkage with priestly clans. . A special focus on the Second Urbanization taking place in the Gangetic valley between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. It explains how towards the end of the later Vedic period, the polity underwent a change in political, social and economic spheres which blossomed later during the period of Mauryas. . Two appendices dealing with the theories of Aryan migration and the relationship of the Vedic Aryans with the Harappa culture and what can be ascertained by Vedic literature.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 21.02.2020
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The Rig-Vedic and Post-Rig-Vedic Polity (1500 B...
37,90 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The book critically examines and assesses the literary evidence available through Vedic and allied literature portraying the nature of Vedic polity, the functionalities of its various institutions, and the various social and religious practices. The book is not a narrative but critically examines the nature of changes in a host of these areas that occurred at each stage of Vedic polity from early Vedic period to post R¿ig-Vedic period. It outlines in historical perspective the various stages involved in the development of Vedic polity and Vedic canon and how the two processes have gone along together. It contains extensive discussions on political system and institutions, religious and social practices as they obtained during the Rig-Vedic and post Rig-Vedic periods. It provides a fresh approach to the cult of sacrifice and fire rituals practiced by Vedic Aryans along with an in-depth analysis of the Vedic view of Nationalism, Sovereignty and State as discernible from Vedic texts .The book also features an extensive discussion on the institution of kingship, administrative machinery, role of various entities in the polity including the Purohita, the Sabha and the Samiti, position of women, Varna system and features of tribal kingdoms, such as the Kuru-Panchalas and Kosala-Videhas. Isolating political and social aspects from the essentially religious character of Vedic literature, an attempt has been made to show with due corroboration that the tribal polity was not deficient in political content contrary to the stance of some scholars to depict Vedic Aryans as apolitical and inward looking. The present book partakes both the current and previous scholarship on the subject but breaks a new path with its exclusive focus on the Rig-Vedic and Post Rig-Vedic polity, together with a balanced and objective assessment of their features. It brings all the relevant and connected issues on to one platform, and deals with them in a holistic manner. Its unique features include: • The 'Vedic Grid': a graphical representation and tabulations of the characteristics of each of the about 50 Vedic tribes, including information on the location of their habitat, their time line, the names of their chieftains and their linkage with priestly clans. • A special focus on the Second Urbanization taking place in the Gangetic valley between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. It explains how towards the end of the later Vedic period, the polity underwent a change in political, social and economic spheres which blossomed later during the period of Mauryas. • Two appendices dealing with the theories of Aryan migration and the relationship of the Vedic Aryans with the Harappa culture and what can be ascertained by Vedic literature.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 21.02.2020
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Athens
9,90 CHF *
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Athens is an historical anomaly. Excavations date its first settlement to over seven thousand years ago, yet it only became the capital of Greece in 1834. During the intervening centuries it was occupied by almost every mobile culture in Europe: from its earliest likely settlers, tribes from what is now Albania, to Nazi forces during the second World War, and in between by successive waves of Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Slavs, Goths, Venetians, French, Catalans, Turks, Italians, Bulgarians and the clans of various kings and tyrants of the region's early city-states.There has been a structure on its 'high city', the acropolis, since at least the bronze age, although it was subsequently altered by successive occupiers, becoming a fort, castle, temple, mosque, church and even a harem. its 'Golden age' peaked in the fifth century BCE, with the great building projects of Pericles and Themistocles, and its later history is one of a city already nostalgic for its past, although at a time when other European cities had yet to begin constructing a past. Its standing as the birthplace of democracy and western civilisation, while based in fact, is largely a romantic fantasy dreamt up by nineteenth-century north European artists and intellectuals: democracy has a checkered history in Athens, and 'western civilisation' was an amalgam of many cultures. The city now is a jigsaw of pieces from its past, where you can still walk along streets laid by Romans and Ottoman Turks, and where the city's population is almost constantly refreshed by newer waves of arrivals.John Gill's cultural guide explores the origins, development and contemporary face of Athens, offering an accessible analysis of its social history, architecture and representation in painting, literature and film. Looking at the role of religion, migration and popular culture, its in-depth coverage of the city, past and present, goes beyond conventional guidebooks to provide a fresh insight into its living identity.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 21.02.2020
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'Sea Peoples' Up-to-Date
143,90 CHF *
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This volume presents the outcomes of the European Science Foundation workshop ¿Sea Peoples¿ Up-to-Date. New Research on Transformations in the Eastern Mediterranean in the 13th¿11th Centuries BCE, which took place in November 2014 at the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna. It offers up-to-date research on the Sea Peoples phenomenon during the so called ¿crisis years¿ at the end of the Bronze Age. This period encompasses dramatic changes in the political and cultural landscape of mainly the Eastern Mediterranean around 1200 BCE and most of the 12th century BCE. In geographical terms, these changes are noticeable in a vast area stretching from the Italian peninsula over the Balkans, the Aegean, Anatolia and Cyprus, to the Levant and Egypt. The term ¿Sea Peoples phenomenon¿ should be considered as an encompassing term, which ¿ in addition to the written records on hostile activities of various ethnic groups in the Eastern Mediterranean ¿ is synonymous with the effect of this turbulent period as reflected in the material remains. As a consequence, these events ended the Late Bronze Age, the first period of ¿internationalism¿ in human history. The papers are presented in five sections: ¿Overviews: From Italy to the Levant¿; ¿Climate and Radiocarbon¿; ¿Theoretical Approaches on Destruction, Migration and Transformation of Cultures¿; ¿Case Studies: Cyprus, Cilicia and the Northern and Southern Levant¿; and ¿Material Studies¿. The reader of this volume gains insights into very complex changes during this period. It will become clear that these changes manifest themselves over decades and not years, and include numerous underlying factors: One single wave of migration, one general military campaign and other simple explanations should be dismissed. The breakdown of Late Bronze Age societies and the transformative processes that followed in its wake occurred in a vast area but they are mirrored in differing ways at local level.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 21.02.2020
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The Fenghuang and Dragon Motifs in North America
25,99 € *
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Universally found symbols have long been a subject of debate. One position argues they are a result of independent development and the other, a result of cultural migration. In this paper I argue for the later position by presenting a gallery of tracings of subtle background motifs now known as the Chinese Fenghuang bird pair and a believed to be pre-Neolithic Dragon depiction on various venues including: lithic tools, sculpted heads, figurines, caves, escarpments, stone tablets, buildings and silk monochromatic paintings from both hemispheres. The graphics will illustrate that the motifs first appear on Solutrean lithic material and remained generally unchanged in appearance and positioning relative to each other to later in time Clovis examples from the Cactus Hill and Gault sites in North America, and the Neolithic site of Laonainaimiao in Henan Province China. T More recently in history, I present a sculpted skull from Chavin de Hunatar in Peru dated 1500 BCE bearing the two motifs and which also has diagnostic elements of the Mesoamerican rain gods Chaac and Tlaloc, along with other Mesoamerican examples showing the motifs continued use on Olmec thru Aztec artifacts. Focusing on cultural groups in eastern North America and the upper Ohio River Valley, I present tracings showing the continued use of the motifs by the Paleo-Eskimo in the Sub-Arctic to the more southerly Glacier Kame, Adena, Hopewell and Mississippian cultures. As an art based research project, this paper is heavily graphic dependent with limited commentary, but it will demonstrate that the world has always been a small and there is much to be learned about the history of the Western Hemisphere.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 21.02.2020
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