Social War, 91 to 88 BCE:A History of the Italian Insurgency against the Roman Republic Christopher J. Dart
Our image of the Roman world is shaped by the writings of Roman statesmen and upper class intellectuals. Yet most of the material evidence we have from Roman times - art, architecture, and household artifacts from Pompeii and elsewhere - belonged to, and was made for, artisans, merchants, and professionals. Roman culture as we have seen it with our own eyes, Emanuel Mayer boldly argues, turns out to be distinctly middle class and requires a radically new framework of analysis. Starting in the first century bce, ancient communities, largely shaped by farmers living within city walls, were transformed into vibrant urban centers where wealth could be quickly acquired through commercial success. From 100 bce to 250 ce, the archaeological record details the growth of a cosmopolitan empire and a prosperous new class rising along with it. Not as keen as statesmen and intellectuals to show off their status and refinement, members of this new middle class found novel ways to create pleasure and meaning. In the decor of their houses and tombs, Mayer finds evidence that middle-class Romans took pride in their work and commemorated familial love and affection in ways that departed from the tastes and practices of social elites.
Marriage Gifts and Social Change in Ancient Palestine:1200 BCE to 200 CE T. M. Lemos
The year 3643 B.C.E: a time of social upheaval and moral chaos. Inanna, a passionate and beautiful girl, with psychic powers and a strong connection to nature, is a member of a nomadic tribe that has spent years violently infiltrating the peace-loving, long-standing cities of Mesopatamia. When her brother executes her sister for adultery, Inanna runs away from her family and her people in search of a community where women fight and rule, and where sex and love are worshipped, not forbidden. In the City of Dove her powers lead her to the son of the queen, and she realizes she is destined to rule this city. She must choose between her adopted family and the family she left behind as her beloved city steals for battle against the nomads of Inanna’s past. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Christine Williams. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/007481/bk_adbl_007481_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Confucius (551-479 BCE) taught a moral wisdom that would become a predominant social force in China from the second century BCE until the mid-20th century. Confucianism does not teach a central doctrine that a God or gods should be worshipped, but it does embrace a system of ritual and emphasizes humanistic virtues and values. Daoism is both a philosophy and a religion, seeking a life and a mind in harmony with nature. Yin and yang, the essential opposites, are seen as fundamental principles of the universe in many religious and philosophical discussions. The Religion, Scriptures, and Spirituality series describes the beliefs, religious practices, and the spiritual and moral commitments of the world´s great religious traditions. It also describes a religion´s way of understanding scripture, identifies its outstanding thinkers, and discusses its attitude and relationship to society. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Ben Kingsley. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/blak/001635/bk_blak_001635_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This research attempts to understand the characteristics of the regional and local political economy utilizing intensive form of rice agricultural technology during the Middle Bronze Age (800-400 BCE), central western Korean Peninsula, focusing on how social components (e.g. regional polities, local communities and households), in the context of emergent complexity, were related to each other in shaping a specific sociopolitical organization that utilized improved technology for primary agricultural production. Relevant information has been generated by reconstructing MBA regional settlement patterns based on surface survey and excavation data, analyzing the spatial correlation between regional settlement hierarchy and differences in abundance of rice soils, necessity of cooperative water management, and easy accessibility to important junction of ancient transportation routes, and investigating household wealths variability.
Leading scholars in early Christianity, Judaic studies, classics, history and archaeology explore the ways that memories were retrieved, reconstituted and put to use by Jews, Christians and their pagan neighbours in late antiquity, from the third century B.C.E. to the seventh century C.E. They address how collective memory and group history played roles in identity formation, political propaganda, social relations, and religious beliefs and practice for Jews, Christians and pagans in the ancient Mediterranean world. The authors explore how the peoples of antiquity viewed their own antiquity.Contributors:Adam H. Becker, G. W. Bowersock, Ra`anan S. Boustan, Harriet I. Flower, Gregg Gardner, Kevin Osterloh, Eduard Iricinschi, Elizabeth Kessler, Lee I. Levine, Steve Mason, Doron Mendels, Yannis Papadoyannakis, Tessa Rajak, Annette Yoshiko Reed, Peter Schäfer, Holger M. Zellentin, Moulie Vidas
Politics is the second half of a single treatise by Aristotle (384 B.C.E - 322 B.C.E.), Ethics being the first. Both deal with one and the same subject: what Aristotle calls the philosophy of human affairs. He also refers to it as political science and social science. Aristotle collected and studied the constitutions of over 150 city states before writing his Politics. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jim Killavey. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/jimc/000215/bk_jimc_000215_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
For most of its 5,000-year existence, China has been the largest, most populous, wealthiest, and mightiest nation on Earth. And for us as Westerners, it is essential to understand where China has been in order to anticipate its future. These 36 eye-opening lectures deliver a comprehensive political and historical overview of one of the most fascinating and complex countries in world history. You´ll learn about the powerful dynasties that ruled China for centuries; the philosophical and religious foundations-particularly Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism-that have influenced every iteration of Chinese thought, and the larger-than-life personalities, from both inside and outside its borders, of those who have shaped China´s history. As you listen to these lectures, you´ll see how China´s politics, economics, and art reflect the forces of its past. From the ´´Mandate of Heaven,´´ a theory of social contract in place by 1500 B.C.E., 3,000 years before Western philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, to the development of agriculture and writing independent of outside influence to the technologically - advanced Han Dynasty during the time of the Roman Empire, this course takes you on a journey across ground that has been largely unexplored in the history courses most of us in the West have taken. In guiding you through the five millennia of China´s history, Professor Hammond tells a fascinating story with an immense scope, a welcome reminder that China is no stranger to that stage and, indeed, has more often than not been the most extraordinary player on it. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your Library section along with the audio. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Kenneth J. Hammond. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/tcco/000105/bk_tcco_000105_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The Tirukkural (honoured Kural) is one of the world´s greatest literary and philosophical masterpieces. Composed in Tamil by Tiruvalluvar sometime between 2 BCE and 5 CE, its succinct couplets seek to explain and guide the listener through life´s various situations: political, spiritual, domestic and social. Not much is known about Tiruvalluvar. He is believed to have been one or more of the following: a weaver, an ascetic, a teacher, a minister, a seafarer, or even a king. What is indisputable, as Gopalkrishna Gandhi says in the preface, is that he was ´a clear thinker´, ´a sharp observer of life´ and ´a master of his language and...complex poetic forms´. Kural, in Tamil, means ´short´. Each of the Tirukkural´s 1,330 verses holds its meaning tightly, gives its message in something like telegraphese. Often called the universal book of principles, the work is organized into 133 chapters and three books. Book I: Being Good is aimed at householders and sets out the principles of leading an ethical life. Book II: Being Politic is a manual for rulers and statesmen on the qualities and duties of leaders, aspects of governance, military strategies, and methods to acquire wealth honestly. Book III: Being in Love is a poetic exposition on love. It is presented from the points of view of both the man and the woman in different situations - from the moment of falling in love through the pain of separation to the joy of reconciliation. Talking about our classics, the philosopher and statesman Dr S. Radhakrishnan said as they ´constitute the essential spirit of our culture, are a part of our very being, they should receive changing expression according to the needs and conditions of [a particular] time´. Gopalkrishna Gandhi´s retelling of the Kural, in keeping with that philosophy, showcases the great beauty and wisdom of Tiruvalluvar´s masterpiece for the 21st-century listener. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Neil Shah. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/029050/bk_adbl_029050_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.