The Ancient City of Ephesus is one of the crown jewels of mankind’s greatest cultural and historical heritage. Ephesus is home to one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BCE and destroyed in 401 CE by a mob led by St. John Chrysostom); as well as being one the of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation, and the supposed site of writing of the Gospel of John. You will take a walk in the ancient streets, as well as seeing hints of wealthy urban lifestyle at the height of Roman and Greek civilizations.
Visit three important historic sites of Sri Lanka on this private all inclusive day tour from Colombo. Dambulla cave also known as the Golden Temple of Dambulla is a World Heritage Site, situated in the central part of the country. This temple complex dates back to the first century BCE. It is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. Next proceed to Sigiriya or which is an ancient rock fortress nearly 200 metres (660 ft) high. It is a site of historical and archaeological. Sigiriya is a World Heritage Site and one of the best preserved examples of ancient urban planning. Climb the nearby Pidurangala Rock where you walk through nature - forested area and reach the top where you can enjoy the breath-taking view of the landscape and Sigiriya Lion Rock at the top. Pidurangala was used as a Buddhist monastery and became a place of prominence during the reign of King Kashyapa.
Erscheinungsdatum: 08.10.2018, Medium: Buch, Einband: Gebunden, Titel: Athen im 7. Jahrhundert v. Chr., Titelzusatz: Räume und Funde der frühen Polis, Übersetzungstitel: Athens in the 7th century BCE: Spaces and Finds of the Early Polis, Autor: Doronzio, Annarita, Verlag: Gruyter, Walter de GmbH // De Gruyter, Sprache: Deutsch, Schlagworte: Altertum // Antike // Stadtentwicklung // griechisch-römisch // Griechenland // Hellas // Frühgeschichte // Frühzeit // Geschichte // Architekt // Landschaftsarchitekt // Landschaftsarchitektur // Kunstgeschichte // Archäologie // Archäologe // Kulturgeschichte // HISTORY // Ancient // Greece // Altes Griechenland // Ur // und Frühgeschichte // Landschaftsarchitektur und // gestaltung // Japan, Rubrik: Geschichte // Altertum, Seiten: 267, Abbildungen: 320 Schwarz-Weiß- Abbildungen, 11 farbige Klapptaf., Reihe: Urban Spaces, Gewicht: 1855 gr, Verkäufer: averdo
When one thinks of the world’s first cities, Sumer, Memphis, and Babylon are some of the first to come to mind, but if the focus then shifts to India, then Harappa and Mohenjo Daro will likely come up. These cities owe their existence to India’s oldest civilization, known as the Indus Valley Civilization or the Harappan Civilization, which was contemporary with ancient Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt, and had extensive contacts with the former, making it one of the most important early civilizations in the world. Spread out along the rivers of the Indus River Valley, hundreds of settlements began forming around 3300 BCE, eventually coalescing into a society that had all of the hallmarks of a true civilization, including writing, well-developed cities, a complex social structure, and long-distance trade.Mohenjo Daro was the largest city of the Indus Valley Civilization, one of the most advanced civilizations to have ever existed, and the best-known and most ancient prehistoric urban site on the Indian subcontinent. It was a metropolis of great cultural, economic, and political importance that dates from the beginning of the third millennium BCE. Although it primarily flourished between approximately 2500 and 1500 BCE, the city had long-lasting influences on the urbanization of the Indian subcontinent for centuries after its abandonment. It is believed to have been one of two capital cities of the Indus Civilization, its twin being Harappa located further north in Punjab, Pakistan.The fact that the ancient Indus Valley Civilization is also often referred to as the Harappan Civilization demonstrates how important the discovery of Harappa is. As archaeologists and historians began to uncover more of the ancient Harappa site in the 19th and early 20th centuries, a more complete picture of the city emerged, namely its importance. Research has shown that Harappa was one of the three most important Indus Valley cities, if not the most imp 1. Language: English. Narrator: Scott Clem. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/178656/bk_acx0_178656_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
What is a city? A simple definition is a "largely constructed landscape", and through inferences and comparisons with modern states, a successful ancient city is generally said to have a number of defining characteristics: evidence of political hierarchies; a centralized authority that is simultaneously dependent on the accumulation of resources and the suppression of competitors; the maintenance of continuous negotiation, alliance building, and occasionally costly and risky investments such as warfare; specialized crafts; a hinterland supplying food; and monumental statements of central planning and communal effort, such as the Mesopotamian ziggurats. Mohenjo-daro was the largest city of the Indus Valley civilization, one of the most advanced civilizations ever to have existed, and the best-known and most ancient prehistoric urban site on the Indian subcontinent. It was a metropolis of great cultural, economic, and political importance that dates from the beginning of the 3rd millennium BCE. Although it primarily flourished between approximately 2500 and 1500 BCE, the city had longer-lasting influences on the urbanization of the Indian subcontinent for centuries after its abandonment. It is believed to have been one of two capital cities of the Indus Civilization, its twin being Harappa located further north in Punjab, Pakistan. Mohenjo-daro is an enigmatic settlement, which confuses simple definitions of what a city consists of. It has revealed little evidence of palaces, contains few definite religious buildings, and appears to have never been involved in any external or internal military conflict. The inhabitants' writing has not been deciphered, and little is known about their religious and post-mortuary beliefs. Nonetheless, the city's importance is epitomized by its monumental buildings and walls, enormous manmade platforms, innovative architectural techniques, and evidence that they engaged in trade over vast distances, with high-qualit 1. Language: English. Narrator: Scott Clem. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/077347/bk_acx0_077347_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
If you want to discover the captivating history of classical antiquity, then pay attention....From about the ninth to fifth centuries BCE, the population of Greece grew unprecedentedly large, expanding from about 800,000 people to as many as 13 million. About a quarter million of these lived in Athens. The average size of urban households during this period grew considerably, a fact that suggests that food was suddenly available in excesses sufficient to keep larger families healthy and alive much more effectively than just a millennium earlier. Bigger families meant bigger armies and larger communities that would eventually grow into the metropolises of Classical Greece.This incredible stretch of time is called classical antiquity, the age in which Western civilization first realized its potential and place in the world. The era brought on big changes for all the people of the Mediterranean. Thanks to new agricultural methods, seafaring technology, and trade, great civilizations sprang up around the sea, building large urban centers full of artists, merchants, political thinkers, scientists, and philosophers. As Greco-Roman culture grew, the relationships each city and realm had with one another also developed and changed.In Classical Antiquity: A Captivating Guide to Ancient Greece and Rome and How These Civilizations Influenced Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia, you will discover topics such asA blind poet from IoniaAthens, GreeceSlaveryThe Golden Age of AthensPericles at warThe Socratic methodPlatoAlexander the GreatThe Hellenistic periodFrom Greece to RomeThe Roman RepublicThe gladiatorsJulius CaesarRemnants of classical antiquityAnd much, much more!So if you want to learn more about classical antiquity, listen to this audiobook! 1. Language: English. Narrator: Richard L. Walton. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/168137/bk_acx0_168137_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The center of political and commercial interaction in the Ancient Greek polis was the agora. The word essentially means a gathering place or an open space, and in all Greek city states, the agora was central to all aspects of daily life and commerce. As the agora developed as a civic space, particularly from the sixth century BCE onward in Athens, the architectural splendor of the buildings associated with it became an ever more obvious demonstration of the power and glory of Athenian democracy. In its earliest forms, an agora in maritime cities was invariably situated near the sea, while in inland urban centers, it was usually located at the foot of the hill that normally provided the city's ultimate defense. The agora was always the oldest part of any city and, as such, and as well as being the commercial hub of the area, also became the center of the religious and political life of the polis. In Homer's time, an agora might have seats for the comfort of the citizens that had assembled to consult with one another. The city's oldest sanctuaries were always located either in or very close to the agora itself, and the first festive games were held in its open space. Roads to and from the city centered on the agora, and it was usually the starting point for any processions to the various sacred sites visited by the populace. The space itself was treated in much the same way as a temenos or sacred precinct. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Bill Hare. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/091810/bk_acx0_091810_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Samarkand is one of the oldest cities of Central Asia, founded nearly 3,000 years ago. The legendary city was the capital of the Sogdians, a trading people who facilitated the spread of commodities, religions, technologies, and ideas across the Silk Road between China and the rest of Eurasia. Samarkand was a key site along the ancient Silk Road, a place where a number of world cultures from the East and the West met and assimilated. As well as being a commercial center, it was a key religious site for the Zoroastrian, Buddhist, Christian, and Islamic faiths. The growth of Samarkand occurred at the same time as other major urban centers based on oases along the Silk Road, such as Khwarezm, Balkh (Bactria), and Bukhara. The city was conquered by Alexander the Great in 329 BCE and served as a base for his campaigns through Transoxiana. From the early Islamic period to the seventh century, the city prospered until it was completely destroyed by Genghis Khan in 1220. It was not until the 14th century that the city was rebuilt about one kilometer southwest of the ancient tell site. Although well-known for its trade, another part of Samarkand that makes its history so interesting is its association with the Timurid dynasty and its legendary founder, Tamerlane. Known by the Sogdians as Timur (meaning "iron"), he was one of the most extraordinary individuals to have ever existed. From his origins as a member of the tribal aristocracy, through political and military activity - and almost supernatural power - he came to dominate Transoxania and much of Iran. A lot of his behavior as an emperor was developed on the model of the Mongol empire that had existed before him, as he embarked on a mission to create the largest Turkic Muslim Empire of Eurasia. Tamerlane chose Samarkand as the capital of this empire. He loved this city above all others, and after each of his military expeditions he would bring back local artisans and craftsmen to live and work there. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jim D. Johnston. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/083645/bk_acx0_083645_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.